The year of 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar.
January 1: The Republic of China is established.
January 5: Prague Party Conference: Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party break away from the rest of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
January 6: New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
January 17: British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of 4 become the second expeditionary group to reach the South Pole.
January 23: The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
January 27: Dr. Harris saw upon the moon an "intensly black object" which he estimated to be 250 miles long and 50 miles wide. (Books211)
February 14: Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
February 14: A man is found killed by a bullet wound in Paris, however, his clothes ahow no marks of a bullet having passed through them.
March 1: Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
March 5: Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines.
March 6: People at Warmley, England, watch "a splendidly illuminated aeroplane, passing over the village." (Books261)
March 7: Roald Amundsen announces his success in reaching the South Pole.
March 7: French aviator Henri Seimet makes the first non-stop flight from Paris to London in three hours.
March 11: Earthquakes of unusual intensity are recorded at many places in the United States. (Books816)
March 11: Black rain, like diluted ink, fell from the sky at Colmer, about 30 miles from London, England. (Books817)
March 16: Lawrence Oates, dying member of Scott's South Pole expedition, leaves the tent saying, "I am just going outside and may be some time."
March 27: Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry blossom trees to be planted in Washington, D.C., to symbolize the friendship between the two
March 30: France establishes a protectorate over Morocco.
April 8: At Chisbury, Wiltshire, England, Charles Tilden Smith observes two dark stationary triangular patches upon clouds. (Books266)
April 10: The British ocean liner RMS Titanic leaves Southampton, England on her maiden voyage for New York City.
April 11: Titanic arrives at Queenstown, Ireland (Cobh) picking up her final complement of passengers before steaming westward for New York.
April 14: Titanic strikes an iceberg in the northern Atlantic Ocean at 11:40 pm.
April 15: Titanic sinks at 2:20 am, taking with her the lives of more than 1,500 people.
April 16: Harriet Quimby becomes first woman to fly across the English Channel.
April 17: A solar eclipse is seen across Europe.
April 18: The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrives in New York with Titanic's 706 survivors.
April 19: The United States Senate initiates an official inquiry into the Titanic disaster, hastily issuing subpoenas for White Star
personnel before they can return to the United Kingdom.
April 30: The cable ship CS Mackay-Bennett arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia carrying the bodies of 306 victims of the Titanic disaster recovered from the North
May 2: The British Board of Trade inquiry into the Titanic disaster begins, presided over by Lord Mersey.
May 5: The 1912 Summer Olympics open in Stockholm, Sweden.
May 6: Suffragettes and their supporters parade in New York City,
May 13: In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (forerunner of the Royal Air Force) is established.
May 23: HAPAG's SS Imperator is launched in Hamburg and is the world's largest ship.
May 25: After more than a month and thousands of hours of testimony, the American inquiry into the Titanic disaster concludes, placing the bulk of the blame upon the
White Star Line, J. Bruce Ismay, and Captain Edward Smith.
June 4: A fire in Constantinople destroys 1,120 buildings.
June 5: U.S. Marines land in Cuba.
June 6-8: Mount Novarupta erupts in Alaska.
June 27: Charles Nelson Fort, Charles Fort's father, dies aged sixtythree of cerebral meningitis. He wills his whole estate to his wife Blanche, Charles Forts
July 3: The British inquiry into the Titanic disaster concludes.
July 19: A loud detonation was heard over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona; thousands of small stones rain down on the town. (Books
July 30: Emperor Meiji of Japan dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taishō. In Japanese History, the event marks the end of the Meiji era
and the beginning of the Taishō era.
August 1: The Jungfraubahn rack railway is inaugurated in Switzerland.
August 11: Sodomy becomes legal in France.
August 12: Sultan Abd Al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
August 18: A loud detonation was heard over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona - This was said to have been an earthquake. (Books
September 25: The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City, New York.
October 8: The First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
October 14: While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former President Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the
bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech. After finishing his speech, he went to the hospital, where it was deduced that if he had not had his speech in his breast pocket when he
was shot, he most likely would have died.
October 17: Sailing off the west coast of Africa, passengers on board a vessel said that they had seen the head and neck of a sea serpent.
November 5: U.S. presidential election, Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft.
November 19: Explosive sounds heard over Sunninghill, Berkshire, England, "like the tremendous discharge of big guns." No earthquake was recorded.
November 19: Detonations are heard by Lt-Col. Trewman at Reading, England at 9am. (Books512)
November 20: Aerial detonations are heard again at 1:45pm by Lt-Col Trewman over Reading, England. (Books512)
November 21: For a third day Lt-Col Trewman reports explosions being heard over Reading, England; this time at 3:30pm. (Books512)
November 28: Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.
December 20: Piltdown Man is presented in
December 30: The First Balkan War ends temporarily: Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month